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Definitions

Before I beginů a few terms which will be used in describing the processes. The photos and videos below are all of the equipment used at the school.

Anvil - A tool comprised of a mass of steel with a hardened surface which heated metal is placed on and beaten with a hammer. You've probably seen them on television or in a movie when an old timey Blacksmith was making a horseshoe or something. Anvils cost $250 or more on eBay, and $500 or more new.

Anvil

Blacksmith Hammer - A family of specialized hammers used by blacksmith and designed to shape hot metal. Some common types include ferrier, cross pein, sledge and even wooden mallets.

Blacksmith Hammers

Chop Saw - A power tool specifically designed to cut metal in sections. Rather than having a round metal blade with teeth, it uses a composite smooth disc and cuts by simply grinding through the metal. Also called a "Cut-off Saw". A huge quantity of sparks (4.8 MB Video) result from material being cut, so it's important to wear eye protection, gloves and a leather apron.

Chop Saw

Forge - A specialized furnace in which metal is heated prior to shaping. Modern Bladesmiths use either coal burning or gas burning forges. The temperature inside a forge is often well over 2000 degrees and metal is continually inserted and removed to bring it to the desired temperature.

Gas Forge

Grinder - In the case of our Bladesmithing course, I'm referring to a 2" x 72" belt sander. This is a power tool that utilized a long thin sand paper belt spinning at 1500 - 3000 RPMs. It is used to remove material and shape or sharpen blades.

Bench Grinder

Oxy Acetylene Torch - An Oxygen Acetylene torch is a tool used for heating, welding and cutting metals. The basic principal is that pure oxygen is used in combination with acetylene to create a very hot flame. The size of the flame is controlled by turning up the gases. A small Oxy setup will run about $280 at Home Depot or Lowes.

Oxy Torch Setup

Spring Fuller - A "C" shaped metal bar used for compressing sections of hot metal by placing it within the fuller and hammering down on the fuller to create an indentation.

Next Step

Beginning - Definitions - Forging - Normalizing - Grinding - Hardening - Tempering - Summary



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This page last updated 12/30/2004
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